External EU actions against piracy and counterfeiting

A number of EU companies, especially UK publishing companies, suffer from a vast counterfeiting and piracy activity in third countries that affects their markets on a large scale. China, India (...)

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Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)

In 2007, the EU and a number of other WTO members began work on a new international agreement – the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). This initiative is related both to the Lisbon Agenda (...)

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VAT on books in the member countries

Since the beginning of 2009, mainly due to budget concerns prompted by the economic and financial crisis, the governments of a number of EU and EEA Member States have been considering similar (...)

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Reduced rates of VAT

In July 2008, the Commission adopted a proposal for a Council Directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards reduced rates of VAT. The proposal included a series of technical adaptations to (...)

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Data retention

The current EU regulation governing data retention is based on the Data Retention Directive 2006/24/EC, which requires Member States to ensure that telecommunications service and network (...)

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Brussels Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (‘Brussels I’)

On 21 April 2009 the European Commission published a Report and Green Paper on the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of (...)

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Data protection

The current EU regulation governing data protection and privacy was created in 1995 (Data Protection Directive 1995/46/EC), and since then the rapid evolution of technology and the expansion of (...)

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Proposal for a Directive to strengthen the fight against counterfeiting and piracy, criminal measures to ensure enforcement of rights

Following a Judgement from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) from 2005 clarifying the role of the European Commission in the enactment of criminal law provisions, in April 2006 a new draft (...)

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Levies

In April 2008, the European Commission finalised a new consultation aimed at deepening the understanding of the functioning of private copying levy schemes set up at national level. (...)

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Collective management

The European Commission plans to propose a Directive on collective rights management establishing general rules for the operation of collecting societies. It is an initiative underpinning the (...)

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